Welcome to material to accompany Monograph 13: Practical Least Squares


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This web site was prepared by Dr Bruce Harvey and is intentionally plain and simple. It is provided for people who have purchased the book:  Harvey, B.R. Practical Least Squares and Statistics for Surveyors, Monograph 13, Third Edition, School of Surveying and Spatial Information Systems, UNSW. 332 + x pp.   ISBN 0-7334-2339-6. Reprinted (2009) with minor changes and a spiral binding for easier use. The book can be purchased from the UNSW Bookshop.

       Updated 21 Feb 2014

Dr Bruce Harvey is a Senior Lecturer with many years of teaching and research experience. His main interest is in teaching surveying. He was awarded the Faculty of Engineering UNSW Award for Teaching Excellence in 1998 and in 2010. Bruce Harvey is a graduate of The University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, Australia; obtaining a Bachelor of Surveying with Honours 1 and the University Medal, a Doctor of Philosophy in Geodesy, and a GradDipHEd. Bruce joined the academic staff of the School of Surveying in 1986 after having worked in surveying at the NSW Dept of Main Roads and doing postdoctoral research at the Division of Radiophysics, CSIRO in Geodetic VLBI. Bruce was for many years the Director of Undergraduate Studies in the School of Surveying & SIS, UNSW. Bruce has been specializing in educational matters for most of his employment at UNSW. He is also a Registered Surveyor in NSW and has been a Board Member of BOSSI NSW. His main area of interest and achievement has been in the teaching of least squares and data analysis. Contact Details Office Location: CE 414 Civil Engineering Building Phone: +61 2 9385 4178 Email: b.harvey@unsw.edu.au

Click on a link below to download files. The files are copyright to the author.

The amount of class and reference material that students can read is now enormous.  Most people will download files because if they have the file, they can read it at any time … so they don’t have to read it now. So hardly anyone reads any more and people only collect files and store them away. Is getting copies of all the material the only way you can keep up? Have you tried an alternative? It’s an old fashioned process where you place the pages in front of your eyes and you let it go through there into the brain and it is much better than a download or a photocopy.  Almost all the data files are real survey observations for you to analyse.  Some of them intentionally contain errors or problems. I have been asked to put a pdf copy of the book on line and to put copies of my lecture slides here too.  I am still considering that. Let's start with some of the lecture slides. I change my lectures every year so that I keep fresh. If  you read my lecture slides that is not the same as being in my classes because: I don't spend much time on a slide if it has words on it; I do spend a lot time talking about images graphs, plans etc on slides so if you aren't there you don't here that; and finally the best learning happens when you ask me questions in the lecture or in the computer lab classes. Actually processing data and solving problems in the labs with me and other students nearby to talk to, is probably the best way to learn about LS and analysing data.

Data files that accompany the book are available for download here. BRH Mono 13 files

BQ Animation

EDM Calibration spreadsheet

Independent Book Reviews of Monograph 13 

The Least Squares Treasure Hunt, Educational Game Version 4: exe file  

The FIXIT software used in the book, Version 4: exe file  Read the conditions of use!

I have added a file that can be used by Google Earth to view the survey networks in the textbook:   Notes on kml files    Harvey_Monograph13_networks.kml

Some additional notes for students on least squares:
Condition_method_examples    Catenary and parabola best fit curves   SCG combined LS circle or ellipse examples   Small VF esp in GPS   Datums and Freenets  Calculation of shortest join between 2 lines in 3D

Some of my other notes for students - not specific to least squares:

Survey Computations Textbook  "This free textbook on Survey Computations is about the elementary plane geometry survey calculations like radiations, intersections, traverses and resections that are a traditional part of surveyors' work. It is a subject that has been taught for many years. We have added use of CAD software to process surveying data for design and plan production purposes. We use computers to solve problems and not just rely on calculators as in the past. This book includes many examples and worked solutions. It is intended for students who have done one introductory surveying course, but have not yet studied Least Squares and Statistics. Our plan is to update the book, so revisit this site from time to time to get the latest version."

Some of my papers referred to by Monograph 13:

Harvey (2004)   ... Transformation of ... Laser Scanning
Harvey etal.(1998) Calculation of 3D Control Surveys 
Harvey (1997)        Least Squares Treasure Hunt - an Educational Game
Harvey and Coleman (1993)  Surveying the Deflection of an Arch Bridge to sub-millimetre Precision.  
Harvey (1993)       Survey network adjustments by the L1 method
Harvey (1992)       Theodolite Observations and LS
Harvey (1991)       Telescope Axes Surveys and associated Least Squares Calculations
Harvey (1987)       Bayesian Least Squares and the effects of input weighting of parameters on the variance factor etc.
Harvey(1986)        Transformation of 3D coordinates

One day I will load some more of my papers that might be hard to find for international readers. Here are recent papers of mine:

Harvey (2013)      Adjustment of survey networks by topological grid search - DOI 10.1515/jag-2013-0006
Harvey (2010b)       Surveying Puzzles. "A 'gymnasium for the mind' with surveying puzzles and exercises is presented in this paper. It is intended for students to develop basic survey related problem solving skills and gain experience and confidence with surveying problems. It is also for older surveyors to keep their mind "fit" and to enjoy the use of their abilities accumulated over years of problem solving experience. Three types of puzzles are included to provide a variety of exercises: numerical puzzles related to our measurement and calculation work; visual puzzles related to our map and plan use; and word puzzles because surveyors write papers and reports."
Harvey (2010a)       My thoughts about teaching
Harvey (2009)      Constraint Equations in Cadastral Modelling.

The format of this page is intentionally plain and simple. Your suggestions for this site are important. I appreciate your feedback, by email: B.Harvey@unsw.edu.au

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