0132
   NAUTICAL SEXTANT  
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  Surveying Instrument Collection 

Maker

Sextant Marine

Model

N/A

Serial Number

29

Dimensions

Radius 210mm, Arc 300mm

Image

Nautical Sextant

Description

This nautical sextant is specially designed for navigational and astronomical purposes and allows horizontal and vertical angles to be measured. It is used in marine navigation for measuring vertical angles to stars, occasionally, also for measuring angles between terrestrial targets. The instrument is constructed in a brass pillar frame and is a fairly large instrument with a graduated silver arc of about 210 mm radius. The instrument includes two plane mirrors, both of which are fastened on the frame normal to the graduation surface, and the angle between these mirrors can be varied. The vernier enables angles to be read to 10 seconds and the range of the scale is such as to enable angles between -5 and 130 to be measured. The instrument is also fitted with filters, or dark-coloured glasses, which can be swung into position when needed, and are generally used for solar observations. A clamp attached to the index arm enables the vernier to be clamped in any position to the graduated arc, and a tangential slow-motion screw provides the necessary fine-motion adjustment to bring the images into contact.

History & comments

The sextant is a free hand instrument and so it's accuracy may be limited. It must be noted that the sextant measures angles, and not directions or bearings, and is a more accurate instrument than the compass, but not as accurate as the theodolite. The sextant however, in general, is lighter, more portable, and quicker to use than the theodolite. It can also be used from a moving platform, such as a ship or a small boat, where it is impossible to use a theodolite.

Conservation

In a fine wooden box

Condition

Good

Remarks
  • Instrument was donated by the Department of Defence
  • Inscription: 'D. D. / Sextant Marine M. K. I. (Aust) E. D. A. 3623'
  • Another Nautical Sextant is available in the collection (see also 0105)
  • Catalogued by T. Ko
  • Updated by F. Pall

Dates

Manufactured in 1945 (approx). Catalogued in 1997

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